Home » Europe » Timeline of Major Historical Moments in Spain

Timeline of Major Historical Moments in Spain

30,000 BCEHumans arrive in the Iberian Peninsula
1100 BCEPhoenicians arrive in southern Iberia
600 BCEIberian culture develops in Spain
575-206 BCECarthaginian Iberia: Phoenician Carthage expands into Iberia
206 BCE-400Hispania: The Roman Empire takes control of Iberia during the Second Punic War
409-585Kingdom of Gallæcia: Germanic Suebi Kingdom
418-720Visigothic Kingdom
552-624Byzantine Spania: Southern Iberia becomes a province of the Byzantine Empire
711-718Umayyad Hispania: The Umayyad Caliphate conquers the Visigoths
1160-1163Al-Andalus: North African Moors establish an Islamic state in Spain
710-1492Reconquista: Christian states launch a series of attempts to reconquer Moorish-controlled territory
1469-1808Catholic Kingdom of Spain: Queen Isabella & King Ferdinand marry, uniting the Catholic regions of Castile & Aragon. Catholicism becomes the state religion of Spain
1478-1834Spanish Inquisition: Spain establishes the systematic investigation, persecution, torture, forced conversion & expulsion of Jewish, Muslim & other non-Catholic deemed as "heretics
1492Christopher Columbus kicks off Spain's Age of Discovery when he lands in the Americas
1500-1650Spanish Golden Age: Art, literature, architecture & culture flourish in Spain
1516-1700Age of Expansion: Spain's ruler is crowned the Holy Roman Emperor & Spain grows its empire as it takes control of vast overseas colonies
1605Don Quixote is published as the world's first modern novel
1702-1714War of Spanish Succession: French House of Bourbon is established as the ruling dynasty in Spain
1808-1813Napoleonic Spain: Spain becomes a client state of France
1808-1814War of Independence: Spain, Britain & Portugal battle the occupating French to regain control of the Iberian Peninsula
1851-1931Catholicism is reestablished as the state religion of Spain
1873-1874First Spanish Republic: The Spanish king abdicates & Spain transitions to a republic
1874-1931Bourbon Restoration: Spain's monarchy is reestablished
1898Disaster of 1898
1931-1939Second Spanish Republic: Spain becomes a military dictatorship
1936-1939Spanish Civil War: The Nationalist party, led by General Franco, revolts agains the Spanish government
1939-1978Francoist Spain: Franco's Nationalists defeat the Spanish government & establishes a one-party state
1978-presentKingdom of Spain: Spain becomes a democratic monarchy
1982Spain joins NATO
1986Spain joins the European Union
1992Barcelona hosts the Olympics
1999Spain adopts the euro as its national currency