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Timeline of Major Historical Moments in Antarctica

400 BCEGreeks suggest the existence of a southern landmass to balance out the northern hemisphere. It's called Terra Australis Incognita, or Unknown Southern Land.
1773The British Captain James Cook is the first person to cross the Antarctic Circle, but never sees Antarctica
1819South Shetland Islands claimed by Britain
1820First recorded sightings of Antarctica's mainland
1853American sealer is the first person to formerly land on Antarctica.
1895Norwegian explorer Carsten Borchgrevink is among the first people to set foot on Antarctica.
1907-1909Ernest Shackleton leads unsuccessful Nimrod Expedition
1911Norwegian exploration party led by Roald Amundsen beats British group Robert Falcon Scott in discovering the South Pole
1935Norwegian Caroline Mikkelsen is the first woman to set foot on Antarctica
1959Antarctic Treaty System formed