Tick-Borne Disease WarningEstonia‘s medical facilities range from fairly good in Tallinn and Tartu, to fairly limited in more rural areas. Check that you have a travel insurance policy that covers medical evacuation in case you may need specialized or prolonged treatment.
Medical Care for most Europeans: Residents of the EU, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein can use their European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) at any public medical facilities or private facilities. You are only entitled to essential medical care, so you should look into additional coverage as needed. If you don’t already have an EHIC card and you qualify for one, pick one up before you go.
Medical Care for Other Travelers: If you do not have a valid European health card, you will be responsible for the full cost of any treatment up front, though most facilities accept travel insurance.
Tick-borne Diseases: Ticks are at their worst in Estonia from spring to autumn, so if you’re traveling between March through November, you should take the appropriate precautions. Illnesses like tick-borne encephalitis are caused by tick bites. Symptoms include a rash at the bite area, fever, headache and fatigue.
If you’re planning on spending time in forested areas, you should wear long pants tucked into boots, a long-sleeved shirt, a hat and an insect repellent containing DEET. Check for ticks after spending time in forests, and remove any ticks right away with tweezers.
If you’re bringing prescription medications:
- Check to see if there are restrictions on your medication in your destination country, especially if the medication contains narcotics, amphetamines or other often controlled substances
- Bring medications in their original, labeled container. Never carry loose medication
- Include your dated prescription signed by your doctor, certifying the condition the medications are prescribed for, dosages and their generic drug names. Ensure the name on the prescription, container and your passport all match.
- If you need syringes or needles, your doctor includes their need on the prescription.
- Before you leave, find out how you can legally access medications in the case of loss, theft or emergency – even OTC medication may require documentation from your doctor. Never have controlled substances mailed to you
- If legal, consider bring a second container of any essential medications, in case one is lost or stolen. Pack the primary bottle in your carry on, and the second one in another location. Personal-use quantity restrictions may limit you to 30-or 90-day supplies
- Investigate travel health insurance options
- Be sure the plan includes any pre-existing conditions you have, and be sure to declare them before you go
- See if you need an “Extreme Sports” add-on policy if you’re planning activities like scuba diving or spelunking
- Find out the payment or reimbursement process and 24-hour emergency coverage contact